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Len Harris/For

Anyone can cast a fly or a spinner in a hole or waterway. If you don't know where to throw your panther martin or wooly bugger you may be wasting 85 percent of your time while on the water.

Trout are very light dependent due to them having no eye lids. They will move from one side of the stream to the other depending on where the sun is shinning. A good place in the morning can be devoid of trout later that day because of the sun.

Trout are very temperature dependent. A big smart trout will move 200 yards minimum in cold weather conditions to an area with a slightly warmer water temperature.

There is a pecking order in a trout's world. Most large male trout will chase out smaller ones from their feeding area. If the trout decided to coexist with little trout, the biggest trout in the stretch will have the prime feeding lane. Most anglers can't identify the prime feeding lane and settle for the little dumber trout during their trout outing.

I am presenting at the Riverdale Summer School on Wednesday, June 25. My class will be given a one hour crash course on 'reading water.'

I guarantee their success rate for numbers and size will increase.

Read more from Len Harris.

Len Harris blogs from the "Heart" of Wisconsin's Driftless Area. Len's passion is small stream trout fishing with every legal means possible. When trout season is closed he writes and takes photos. He even dabbles in a little cooking. Read more of Lenís writing on his blog at

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